Human mtDNA / mtDNA BasicsAbout

mtDNA molecule

Region Short Name Description Range in the CRS Product type Transcription direction 3' Extra bases
F tRNA phenylanine 577-647 tRNA Forward
12S 12S ribosomal RNA 648-1601 rRNA Forward
V tRNA valine 1602-1670 tRNA Forward
16S 16S ribosomal RNA 1671-3228 rRNA Forward
RNR3 5S-like sequence 3206-3228 Other Forward
TER Transcription terminator 3229-3256 Other Forward
L(UUA/G) tRNA leucine 1 3230-3304 tRNA Forward
NC1 non-coding nucleotides between MT-TL1 and MT-ND1 3305-3306 Other Forward
ND1 NADH Dehydrogenase subunit 1 3307-4262 Protein Forward A
I tRNA isoleucine 4263-4331 tRNA Forward
Q tRNA glutamine 4329-4400 tRNA Reverse
NC2 non-coding nucleotide between MT-TQ and MT-TM 4401-4401 Other Forward
M tRNA methionine 4402-4469 tRNA Forward
ND2 NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 4470-5511 Protein Forward AA
W tRNA tryptophan 5512-5579 tRNA Forward
NC3 non-coding nucleotides between MT-TW and MT-TA 5580-5586 Other Forward
A tRNA alanine 5587-5655 tRNA Reverse
NC4 non-coding nucleotide between MT-TA and MT-TN 5656-5656 Other Forward
N tRNA asparagine 5657-5729 tRNA Reverse
C tRNA cysteine 5761-5826 tRNA Reverse
Y tRNA tyrosine 5826-5891 tRNA Reverse
NC5 non-coding nucleotides between MT-TY and MT-CO1 5892-5903 Other Forward
COI Cytochrome c oxidase subunit I 5904-7445 Protein Forward
S(UCN) tRNA serine 1 7446-7516 tRNA Reverse
NC6 non-coding nucleotide between MT-TS1 and MT-TD 7517-7517 Other Forward
D tRNA aspartic acid 7518-7585 tRNA Forward
COII Cytochrome c oxidase subunit II 7586-8269 Protein Forward
NC7 non-coding nucleotides between MT-CO2 and MT-TK 8270-8294 Other Forward
K tRNA lysine 8295-8364 tRNA Forward
NC8 non-coding nucleotide between MT-TK and MT-ATP8 8365-8365 Other Forward
ATPase8 ATP synthase F0 subunit 8 8366-8572 Protein Forward
ATPase6 ATP synthase F0 subunit 6 8527-9207 Protein Forward
COIII Cytochrome c oxidase subunit III 9207-9990 Protein Forward AA
G tRNA glycine 9991-10058 tRNA Forward
ND3 NADH dehydrogenase subunit 3 10059-10404 Protein Forward AA
R tRNA arginine 10405-10469 tRNA Forward
ND4L NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4L 10470-10766 Protein Forward
ND4 NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 10760-12137 Protein Forward AA
H tRNA histidine 12138-12206 tRNA Forward
S(AGY) tRNA serine2 12207-12265 tRNA Forward
L(CUN) tRNA leucine2 12266-12336 tRNA Forward
ND5 NADH dehydrogenase subunit 5 12337-14148 Protein Forward
ND6 NADH dehydrogenase subunit 6 14149-14673 Protein Reverse
E tRNA glutamic acid 14674-14742 tRNA Reverse
NC9 non-coding nucleotides between MT-TE and MT-CYB 14743-14746 Other Forward
Cytb Cytochrome b 14747-15887 Protein Forward AA
T tRNA threonine 15888-15953 tRNA Forward
NC10 non-coding nucleotide between MT-TT and MT-TP 15954-15954 Other Forward
P tRNA proline 15955-16023 tRNA Reverse
D-Loop[1-576] Displacement loop[1-576] 1-576 Other Forward
D-Loop[16024-16569] Displacement loop[16024-16569] 16024-16569 Other Forward